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Yale Law School

All posts in "Types of Law"

4 Types of Law That You Must Know About

Published April 3, 2017 in Types of Law - 0 Comments

When it comes to law, we can split it into multiple types, depending on what it is based on. You first must know that every law must have a purpose and a method on which is executed. For example, we wouldn’t be able to have laws for the criminal justice system if we that part of the law didn’t have some methods. However, if we would need to split the law depending on the type, I would do it in four types. I personally think that for types are more than enough to fully cover all aspects of the law. Here are my four types:

  • Common
  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Administrative

Common Law

This type of the law is judge-made which means that it is not adopted by written laws. Every state and country have different laws, something that you do in one country might not be legal in the other. For example, in some countries cannabis is legalized and you can legally buy marijuana in that country, however, if you visit some other country most likely if you buy marijuana you will be breaking the law. This was just the most basic example I could have given you, so you would understand what am I talking about. There are plenty more laws that can be different depending on what country you are in.

Criminal Law

This type of the law is dealing with the people that have broken the law somehow.  Only the state or a state prosecutor can start a criminal case. The criminal law works on a very simple principle, depending on how severe a crime is the more severe the sentence will be. That means that if someone does a very severe crime he will be sentenced for a much longer period of time. The punishments for the criminal charges are the most severe ones, they cannot be compared to the civil ones.

Civil Law

This type of the law doesn’t have to be started by the state it is made for individuals that didn’t break the law with some criminal act. Depending on what the person is convicted for he will be punished for them. But the evidence must be very strong in order to prove that the person is guilty.

Administrative Law

This type of law includes regulations and various rules that are imposed by some government agencies. Everything that you have purchased in your life was regulated by some federal administrative agency.